Gospel Reading: Luke 9:11-17 (alternate reading for 2nd Sunday after Pentecost: Luke 7:1-10)
11 When the crowds learned it, they followed him; and he welcomed
them and spoke to them of the kingdom of God, and cured those who
had need of healing.12 Now the day began to wear away; and the
twelve came and said to him, "Send the crowd away, to go into the
villages and country round about, to lodge and get provisions; for
we are here in a lonely place." 13 But he said to them, "You give
them something to eat." They said, "We have no more than five
loaves and two fish -- unless we are to go and buy food for
all these people." 14 For there were about five thousand men. And
he said to his disciples, "Make them sit down in companies, about
fifty each." 15 And they did so, and made them all sit down. 16
And taking the five loaves and the two fish he looked up to
heaven, and blessed and broke them, and gave them to the disciples
to set before the crowd. 17 And all ate and were satisfied. And
they took up what was left over, twelve baskets of broken pieces.
Old Testament Reading: Genesis 14:18-20
18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; he
was priest of God Most High. 19 And he blessed him and said,
"Blessed be Abram by God Most High, maker of heaven and earth; 20
and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into
your hand!" And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.
Meditation: Do you hunger for God and for the abundant
life he offers you through Jesus Christ? Jesus' feeding of the
five thousand is the only miracle recorded in all four Gospels.
What is the significance of this miracle? The miraculous feeding
of such a great multitude pointed to God's provision of manna
(bread) in the wilderness for the people of Israel under Moses'
leadership. When the people complained to Moses that they would
die of hunger in the barren wilderness, God told Moses that he
would "rain bread from heaven" for them to eat (Exodus
16:4,11-12). The miraculous provision of bread foreshadows the
true heavenly bread which Jesus offers his followers who believe
in him. Jesus makes a claim only God can make: He is the "bread of
life" (John 6:35) and the "true bread of heaven" that sustains us
now and for all eternity (John 6:58).
A sign of God's great generosity and goodness towards us
Jesus' feeding of the five thousand is a sign of God's generous care and provision for his people. When God gives, he gives abundantly. He gives more than we need for ourselves so that we may have something to share with others, especially those in need. God takes the little we have and multiplies it for the good of others. Do you trust in God's provision for you and do you share freely with others, especially those who lack what they need?
Jesus feeds us with the true bread of heaven
Jesus' feeding of the five thousand points to the superabundance of the Lord's Supper or Eucharist. In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered as a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Creator who made the earth fruitful to nourish and strengthen all his creatures. Melchizedek is an important Old Testament figure because he was both a priest and a king who offered a sacrifice of bread and wine to God on behalf of Abraham and his future offspring (Genesis 14:18; Hebrews 7:1-4). His offering prefigured the offering made by Jesus, our great high priest and king who gave a new and distinctive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup of wine when he instituted the "Lord's Supper" or "Eucharist" on the eve of his sacrifice on the cross (Hebrews 7:26; 9:11; 10:12).
On the eve of the exodus of the Jewish people from bondage
in Egypt, God commanded his people to celebrate the Passover meal,
with the blessing of unleavened bread and wine, and the
sacrificial offering of an unblemished lamb (Exodus 12:5-8). The
blood of the lamb was sprinkled on the doorposts as a sign of
God's protection from the avenging angel of death who passed over
the homes sealed with the blood of the passover lamb (Exodus
12:7,13). Every year in commemoration of the Exodus deliverance
the Jewish people celebrate a Passover meal with unleavened bread
as a pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises (Exodus 12:14;
see Paul's description of the Christian Passover in 1 Corinthians
5:7-8). The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover
meal points to the messianic expectation when the future Redeemer,
the Messiah King will come to rebuild his holy city Jerusalem.
Jesus poured out his blood for us
At Jesus' last supper meal, after he had poured the final blessing cup of wine and had given thanks to his Father in heaven, he gave it to his disciples and said, "Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins" (Matthew 26:27-28). Jesus did this as a memorial of his death, which would take place the next day on the cross of Calvary, and his resurrection which occurred on the third day - Easter morning. The shedding of Jesus' blood on the cross fulfilled once and for all the old covenant sacrifice of the paschal lamb at Passover time (Hebrews 10:11-14; 1 Corinthians 5:7: 1 Peter 1:18-19). That is why John the Baptist had prophetically called Jesus the "Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world" (John 1:29).
Jesus made himself an offering and sacrifice, a perfect gift that
was truly pleasing to the Father in heaven. He "offered himself
without blemish to God" (Hebrews 9:14) and "gave himself as a
sacrifice to God" (Ephesians 5:2). Jesus established the Lord's
Supper and Eucharist as a memorial of his death and resurrection
and he commanded his disciples to celebrate it until his return
again in glory.
"The food that makes us live for ever in Jesus Christ"
When we receive from the Lord's table we unite ourselves to Jesus Christ, who makes us sharers in his body and blood. Ignatius of Antioch (35-107 A.D.) calls it the "one bread that provides the medicine of immortality, the antidote for death, and the food that makes us live for ever in Jesus Christ" (Ad Eph. 20,2). This supernatural food is healing for both body and soul and strength for our journey heavenward.
When you approach the Table of the Lord, what do you expect to receive? Healing, pardon, comfort, and rest for your soul? The Lord has much more for us, more than we can ask or imagine. The principal fruit of receiving the Eucharist is an intimate union with Christ. As bodily nourishment restores lost strength, so the Eucharist strengthens us in charity and enables us to break with disordered attachments to creatures and to be more firmly rooted in the love of Christ. Do you hunger for the "bread of life"?
"Lord Jesus, you nourish and sustain us with your very own
presence and life. You are the "Bread of Life" and the "Cup of
Salvation". May I always hunger for you and be satisfied in you
1 The LORD says to my lord: "Sit at my right hand,
till I make your enemies your footstool."
2 The LORD sends forth from Zion your mighty scepter. Rule in the midst of your foes!
3 Your people will offer themselves freely on the day you lead your host upon the holy mountains. From the womb of the morning like dew your youth will come to you.
4 The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind, "You are a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek."
Daily Quote from the early church fathers: Christ has yet to feed them with stronger food, by Ambrose of Milan, 339-397 A.D.
"The order of the mystery is preserved everywhere. The first
healing is bestowed on wounds through the remission of sins. Then
the nourishment of the heavenly table abounds, although this
multitude is not yet refreshed with stronger foods, nor do hearts
hungry for more solid faith feed on the body and blood of Christ (Hebrews
5:12-14). He says, 'I gave you milk to drink, not meat.
For you then were not strong, nor are you yet' (1
Corinthians 3:2). The five loaves are like milk, but the
more solid meat is the body of Christ, and the stronger drink is
the blood of the Lord (Luke 22:19-20). Not
immediately at first do we feast on all foods, nor do we drink all
drinks. 'First drink this,' he says. Thus there is a first, then a
second thing that you drink. There is also a first thing that you
eat, then a second, and then a third. At first there are five
loaves, then there are seven (Matthew 15:34). The
third loaf is the true body of Christ. So, then, let us never
abandon such a Lord. He agrees to bestow on us nourishment
according to the strength of each, lest either too strong a food
oppress the weak or too meager a nourishment not satisfy the
strong." (excerpt from EXPOSITION OF THE GOSPEL OF
Scripture quotations from Common
Bible: Revised Standard Version of the
Bible, copyright 1973, and Ignatius Edition
of the Revised Standard Version of the
Bible, copyright 2006, by the Division of
Christian Education of the National Council
of the Churches of Christ in the United
States of America. Used by permission. All
rights reserved. Citation references
for quotes from the writings of the early
church fathers can be found here.
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